The Thirteen Colonies - Summary

Colony

Founded

Founders

Major Industry

Major Cities

Colony Named for

Became a State

Massachusetts

1630

John Winthrop and others

fishing, corn, livestock, lumbering, shipbuilding

Boston, Quincy, Plymouth, Salem, Lexington, Concord

Massachusetts tribe (word means "large hill place")

February 6, 1788

New Hampshire

1638

John Wheelwright and others

potatoes, fishing, textiles, shipbuilding

Concord

county of Hampshire in England

June 21, 1788

Connecticut

1636

Thomas Hooker and others

wheat, corn, fishing

Hartford, New Haven

from an Algonquin word, quinnehtukqut, "beside the long tidal river"

February 6, 1788

New York

1626

Peter Minuit and others

shipbuilding, iron works, cattle, grain, rice, indigo, wheat

New York City, Albany

Duke of York

July 26, 1788

New Jersey

1664

English colonists

ironworking, lumbering

Trenton, Princeton

Isle of Jersey in England

December 18, 1787

Pennsylvania

1682

William Penn and others

wheat, corn, cattle, dairy, textiles, papermaking, shipbuilding

Philadelphia, Lancaster, York

William Penn and sylvania, Latin for "forest"

December 12, 1787

Delaware

1638

Peter Minuit and others

Fishing, lumbering

Wilmington

named for the Delaware tribe and for an early governor of colonial Virginia, Lord de la Warr

December 7, 1787

Maryland

1633

Lord Baltimore and others

shipbuilding, iron works, corn, wheat, rice, indigo

Baltimore, Annapolis

Queen Henrietta Maria of England

April 28, 1788

Virginia

1607

John Smith and others

Plantation agriculture (tobacco, wheat, corn

Jamestown, Williamsburg, Richmond

England's "Virgin Queen," Elizabeth I

June 25, 1788

North Carolina

1653

Virginia colonists

Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco)

Raleigh

from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England

November 21, 1789

South Carolina

1663

English colonists

Plantation agriculture (indigo, rice, tobacco, cotton, cattle)

Charleston

from Carolus, the Latin word for "Charles," Charles I of England

May 23, 1788

Georgia

1732

James Oglethorpe

indigo, rice, sugar

Savannah

England's King George II

January 2, 1788

Thirteen Colonies State Flags

 

Massachusetts

 

New Hampshire

 

Connecticut

New York

 

 

New Jersey

 

 

Pennsylvania

 

Maryland

 

 

Virginia

 

North Carolina

South Carolina

 

Georgia

 

 

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Name of Colony:

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